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History of Alaskan Sled Dogs and Racing

In the late 1890’s and early 1900’s the Gold Rush brought many settlers to Alaska. They traveled by boat to the coastal towns of Seward and Knik, and from there travelled by land to the gold fields. The trail that they used was named The Iditarod Trail, and in winter it was only accessible by dog teams; which started being used around 3,000 years ago, when humans first migrated north of the Arctic Circle.

 

During the Gold Rush, the Iditarod Trail was the major thoroughfare of Alaska, carrying settlers traveling from town to town, the mail, supplies, as well as the adventurous Priests, Judges, and Ministers that served early Alaska’s residents. But, though it’s had a huge effect on Alaska, the gold rush only lasted a few years.

 

Soon the majority of settlers went back where they came from, and suddenly there was a lot less travel on the trail. Then, in the late 1920’s, airplanes came to Alaska and started carrying the mail, further lessening the use of sled dogs and the trail. But the final blow came in the 1960’s, when “Iron Dogs” came to Alaska - now known as snowmobiles. And by the late 60’s Alaskans had largely forgotten about sled dogs, the Iditarod trail, and their role in Alaska’s colorful history.

 

That could have been it, had it not been for history-lover Dorothy G. Page. In 1964, the centennial of Alaska becoming a US territory was approaching, and she was making plans for the celebration. She was intrigued by the history of the trail and sled dogs, and thought up a race that combined the two - then with the help of friend Joe Reddington and his wife Vi, The Iditarod was born.

 

The two-heat, 56 mile Centennial race between Knik and Big Lake was held in 1967 and 1969. And again, that could have been it. But Reddington wasn’t ready to let go, and, with the help of many volunteers and mushers, in 1973 a new version of the race came to fruition, this time going all the way to Nome. The winner of the first Iditarod was Dick Wilmarth, taking almost three weeks - winners now finish in under 10 days.

 

The Iditarod has continued to grow over the last few decades, achieving name-recognition around the world and even spin-off races! The original race still ends in Nome, where mushers pass the notorious historical saloons, then through the archway that marks the finish line, where a crowd cheers on every single musher, no matter what time they come in.

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